The process to set up a company or corporation in Peru takes about four to six weeks. It is required to have at least two shareholders who might be individuals or a legal entity and involves preparing the minutes of incorporation. The following are the steps you should follow to form a company.

Setting Up the Legal Structure for Your Company in Peru

Setting Up the Legal Structure for Your Company in Peru

Setting Up the Legal Structure for Your Company in Peru

There a number of different legal structures you can choose from when forming your company:

• Joint Stock Company (S.A.)
• Closely Held Company (S.A.C.)
• Publicly Held Corporation (S.A.A.)
• Limited Liability Company (S.R.L.)

A Legal Representative could complete the registering of your company. In order to appoint a new legal representative you would need a Power of Attorney (POA), this POA has to be signed, legalized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Peru and if the power is written in another language it has to be officially translated into Spanish.

Quick FAQs When Setting Up a Company in Peru

Is foreign ownership allowed? YES
Can the company sponsor foreign employees? 20% of total employees
How much capital is needed to form a company in Peru? >USD $150 
Does Peru impose any foreign exchange or capital controls? NO
What is the timeframe for setting up a company (including registration, and bank account)? 3 – 4 WEEKS
Are a fiscal address and legal representation required? YES, in order to obtain the RUC number
What is the minimum number of shareholders required? TWO
What is the currency?  PERUVIAN SOLES and US DOLLARS

Minutes of Incorporation

This is the incorporation document of your company, which includes:

• Identification of Shareholders
• Description of leadership positions
• Company objective
• Bylaws
• Description

Please note that this document has to be signed by a lawyer

Company Bank Account

You must choose a bank to open your company’s bank account. It is important to consider that in order to open an account you usually will have to make a minimum initial deposit amount in the currency of your new account (i.e. USD for a USD account and S/. for a S/. account).

Company Registration in the National Superintendence of Public Registries (SUNARP)

The Notary public is in charge of converting the minutes into a public deed and preparing your documents for registering in SUNARP.

To register in SUNARP you will need:

• Notary Public documents
• SUNARP forms
• Payment for the Rights to Registration

Tax ID (RUC – Registro Único de Contribuyente)

The tax authority in Peru grants the Taxpayer Identification Number

The tax authority in Peru grants the Taxpayer Identification Number

The tax authority in Peru grants the Taxpayer Identification Number, which is the Superintendence of Tax administration (SUNAT).

In order to request your Tax ID, you will need the following:

• Water or electricity bill that shows the legal address of your company, this is your address for tax purposes
• RUC Registration form (Provided by SUNAT)
• Testimony of Company Incorporation, duly registered with SUNARP
• Identification document of the Legal Representative
• Rental agreement, or ownership title, of the location where the business will operate

Statutory Books Formalisation

The following step is the legalisation of statutory books and accounting records,The following are necessary for this step:

• Books/records to be legalized
• Copy of RUC form
• Notary Public’s Offices Rights to Registration Payment

Authorization of the Payroll Book, granted by the Ministry of Labour and Promotion of Employment

• Payroll Book authorization application
• Copy of RUC Certificate
• Application rights payment
• Name or Legal name of Employer
• Company address

Municipal License

The Municipal Operations License is required to operate for commercial, services, industrial, and professional service establishments. The respective municipality grants this, and the following steps are needed:

Certificate of Sectorisation and Compatibility of use

• Application form
• Application Rights Permit
• Map of the area / premises of your company.

Approval from the National Institute of Civil Defense (Defensa Civil)

This is a safety inspection that grants a Certificate of Safety for your premises used

• Compliance Certificate (This is granted by the Division of Land Registry and Municipal Authorizations)
• Copy of property title or property ownership extract
• A request addressed to the mayor
• Required payments
• Map of the area, signed by an architect
• Copy of RUC certificate
• Identification document copy of the respective party of the legal representative
• Rental agreement, or ownership title, of the location where the business will operate
• If Applicable – Copy of deed of incorporation of the legal person
• If Applicable – Copy of the authorization/certification of the respective sector

Other Cases

Other cases may include branch offices, partnership, and joint venture.

Branch Offices

Branch offices can be freely established by companies

Branch offices can be freely established by companies

Branch offices can be freely established by companies that are domiciled or not in Peru. The branch is to be registered in SUNARP’s Register of Legal Entities. Please note that a branch office does not have any legal status independently from its parent company.

The Branch Office’s public deed of incorporation should include, at least:

• Certificate of Good Standing of the parent company, issued by the competent authority in your country of origin
• Copy of the agreement of the creation of the branch by the board members (or the competent body of the parent company) defining capital, activities, purpose, address, legal representative and its powers granted
• Incumbency certificate
• If Applicable – copy of bylaws, articles of association, or equivalent in the country of origin

Partnership Agreements

Please note that a partnership agreement does not create a legal entity. It is based in the mutual interest of the parties; a partnership agreement rules the integration and participation of particular businesses and companies by which the agreement requires to be in written form.

Joint Venture

In Peru regulations for joint ventures are not standardized and may vary depending on the industry. Joint ventures allow foreign capital to enter the country be teaming up wit local companies and facilitates the use of technology, access to products or services, know-how, and financing of economic activities.

If Applicable – FDI registration

Under legislation it is obligated to register foreign investments, by which it gives the right to the investor to transfer abroad and use the most favorable buying/selling exchange rate when conducting an exchange transaction.

Do You Want to Set Up a Company or Corporation in Peru?

Once you have your business setup, registered, legal representation, and you have your tax and accounting in order, then you are ready to do business in Peru.

If you have any questions or enquiries about how to set up a company or corporation in Peru, our Peruvian business experts have created a company formation presentation. We hope it helps! If you have any more questions about how to incorporate your company in Peru, please do not hesitate to contact us at [email protected]. Our Biz Latin Hub team in Peru includes local and expat professionals who have the knowledge and expertise to support you throughout the process.

View our slideshow on “How to Form a Company in Peru”