The mining of natural resources in Chile contributes to a significant portion of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) and is a great source of foreign investment. If you are interested in starting a business venture in mining, it is important to understand the laws governing this sector. Read on to learn more about the laws concerning mining in Chile.
Table of Contents
1. Chile Mining Law – Mineral Resources Framework
Chile is known for mining four (4) main natural resources. They are:
As of 2013, foreign investments in the Chilean mining industry accounted for 35% of the total foreign investments and 25% of the total domestic Chilean investments.
2. Mining Regulation in Chile
There is a framework of different legal regulations and codes that govern the business of extracting minerals in Chile. The different entities are:
- The Political Constitution of the Republic of Chile- the legal basis for mining legislation
- The Organic Constitutional Law on Mining Concessions- describes the general terms of mining concessions
- The Chilean Mining Code- details the procedures of how to gain exploration and exploitation concessions
- The Mining Code Regulations- reinforces the Mining Code
- The Mining Safety Regulation- deals with the safety of the workers involved
Regulatory authorities that deal with mining legislation include the National Geology and Mining Service, the Ministry of Mining, the Environmental Assessment Service, and the Superintendence of Environmental Affairs.
3. Ownership Rights to Mining Lands
All mines are owned exclusively by the state and cannot be transferred by lapse of time or prescription. A person can gain mining concessions regardless of who has ownership of the land.
4. Mining Authorization in Chile
Mining law states that the surface land is subject to the same regulations and limitations as the actual mine and mineral processing.
There are two kinds of mining concessions:
- Exploration- grants the holder the right to explore and investigate the aforementioned mine for minerals. This concession lasts for two years and can be renewed.
- Exploitation- allows the holder to fully exploit his or her right to explore and also makes them the owner of any minerals they find and process. This concession does not expire as long as Chilean taxes are paid.
Concessions are awarded judicially at a non-contentious legal proceeding.
5. Chilean Environmental Considerations
The environmental protection measures are usually dependent upon the environmental components that may be affected by the mine, such as a water supply or nearby residential area. Mining waste is regulated by the construction and location of where the waste is dumped.
6. Health and Safety for Chilean Mining Workers
The most important regulations regarding health and safety include:
- Having appropriate waste disposal procedures
- Having proper evacuation procedures
- Adequate worker training with machinery and high altitude
- Accurate signage at work sites
7. Foreign Ownership
There are no legal restrictions imposed by the Chilean government against foreign investment and foreign mining companies in Chile.
Mining in Chile: Digging for Opportunity!
There are many things to consider before beginning the process of incorporating a mining business in Chile. Despite this, Chile is very welcoming of foreign mining companies.
Watch the following video to learn more about how to start a company in Chile.