Find out how to liquidate your company in Bolivia and exit the market during challenging economic times.
Currently, Bolivia has been working on improving its economic growth and reduce its inflation rate. Though there are many options and favorable conditions to do business in Bolivia, economic growth can be sluggish and business owners may decide to liquidate a company as final decision.
To liquidate your business, it is important to know the right procedure to undertake it according to the country’s legal framework. The process to liquidate a company is a complex operation, and business owners will need to seek legal support from an expert to comply with all corporate obligations.
Table of Contents
Reasons for company liquidation
The liquidation of a business may be for different circumstances pointed in the company’s bylaws and in the Royal Legislative Decree 1/2010 of the Law on Corporations, issued on 2 July 2010. This Decree highlights the key reasons to liquidate a company in Bolivia:
- General Shareholders’ Meeting Agreement, which must be registered and published.
- For the end of duration established in the bylaws.
- After one year since agreed the capital reduction below the legal minimum.
Furthermore, the Decree outlines verification of legal cause to liquidate your Bolivian company, including:
- For the cessation of the corporate purpose’s activities.
- Due to the impossibility of achieving the corporate purpose.
- Due to stoppage of the corporate bodies.
- For losses that reduce net worth to less than half of the share capital.
- Capital reduction below the legal minimum.
- For other reasons established in the bylaws.
The liquidation of the company must be formalized through Public Deed before a public notary and be registered in the Registry of Commerce.
FUNDEMPRESA: Fundación para el Desarrollo Empresarial
FUNDEMPRESA, established in 2002, is a non-profit foundation that operates the Bolivian Registry of Commerce, providing services in certifying the legality of a company. In doing so, FUNDEMPRESA enables a business to generate a positive reputational perception from clients by granting solvency status. The organization also assists with company registration, promoting companies’ activities and ensuring their legal status, among others.
How to liquidate a company in Bolivia
Companies must go through a dissolution process before undertaking the liquidation procedure in Bolivia.
As previously mentioned, the company’s liquidation and cessation of its commercial activities must be communicated to the Registry of Commerce.
1. Appoint a liquidator
To undertake formal liquidation proceedings, companies must appoint one or more liquidators to manage the process on behalf of the company. The liquidator(s) are appointed by the company’s General Meeting. The liquidator will record the inventory of the company and oversee the sale of its assets.
2. Complete administrative form for FUNDEMPRESA
Once the decision has been made, the first step is to download and complete the Form N° 0090 from FUNDEMPRESA’s website. This form is an Affidavit and has to be duly completed and signed by the legal representative.
3. Present evidence of Public Deed
Furthermore, companies must present evidence of the Public Deed to the Registry of Commerce. This includes the agreement to liquidate the company and explanation of the legal cause of liquidation, according to the legal causes established on Legislative Decree N° 16833, in original or legible copy.
4. Publication in the Official Gazette
The company must then publish the decision to liquidate in Bolivia’s Official Gazette of the Registry of Commerce (FUNDEMPRESA).
Finally, the company must present the updated certificate of registration.
5. Prepare original balances
To finalize liquidation proceedings in Bolivia, the company must prepare the following documents:
Original balance of liquidation and inventory: this document must be signed by the liquidator(s) and experts involved, original professional solvency granted by the Society of Accountants and Auditors. These experts will proceed with the liquidation of the pending operations as collection of the company’s credits, payment of the company’s debts, transfer or sale of the company’s assets, among others.
Original closing balance (final): this document must be signed by the liquidator(s) and experts involved, original professional solvency granted by the Society of Accountants and Auditors. In case of joint-stock companies, it must also be signed by the trustee.
6. Inform local offices
To completely liquidate a company in Bolivia, you must communicate the agreement to Mayor Offices, Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security, National Health System (CNS – Caja Nacional de Salud), AFPs and other entities that still consider the company as active.
Considerations when liquidating
There are some considerations about the company must take into account when a company is liquidated:
- The company keeps its legal status, but it stops the normal activity of the company.
- The corporate purpose is modified to realize the assets and settlement of any of its liabilities.
- When the liquidation process has started, the General Manager ceases activity and the legal representation of the company. At this point, the liquidator(s) takes charge of the company.
- The company must add the expression “In Liquidation” to its company’s name.
The aim of this process is the corresponding distribution of the social assets resulting from liquidation among the shareholders, once all the pending operations have been successfully completed.
Common FAQs for Liquidating an entity in Bolivia
Based on our extensive experience these are the common questions and doubts of our clients when liquidating a local entity
The liquidation process involves the following principal activities:
Board Resolution: The company’s board of directors proposes a resolution for the company’s dissolution and liquidation.
Shareholders’ Meeting: A shareholders’ meeting is convened to approve the dissolution and appoint a liquidator.
Appointment of Liquidator: A liquidator is appointed, either the company’s legal representative or a third party designated for this role.
Registration and Public Notice: The decision to dissolve and liquidate the company is registered with the Bolivian Trade Registry, and a notice is published in a local newspaper to inform external parties.
Notification to Tax Authorities: The Bolivian tax authorities (Servicio de Impuestos Nacionales – SIN) and other relevant authorities are formally notified of the company’s dissolution.
Asset Liquidation and Debt Settlement: Assets are liquidated, and any outstanding debts or obligations are settled.
Final Settlement Act: Preparation and registration of the final settlement act, detailing the distribution of remaining assets to shareholders and settlement of debts.
The liquidation process will normally take between (6) and (12) months, assuming the entity is in good standing and no rectification work is required.
Liquidate your company in Bolivia with Biz Latin Hub
When business isn’t working out like you expected it to be, liquidation options are important to consider for a business. It will save you costs and damages to your business.
When liquidating your company, make sure to have a local partner so they can help you with the guidance through the complex procedure. Biz Latin Hub has its offices located in Bolivia to provide specialist legal and accounting services to manage your exit strategy. Get in touch today for your first step in the direction of a new beginning.
Learn more about our team and expert authors.
The information provided here within should not be construed as formal guidance or advice. Please consult a professional for your specific situation. Information provided is for informative purposes only and may not capture all pertinent laws, standards, and best practices. The regulatory landscape is continually evolving; information mentioned may be outdated and/or could undergo changes. The interpretations presented are not official. Some sections are based on the interpretations or views of relevant authorities, but we cannot ensure that these perspectives will be supported in all professional settings.