Understanding Company Accounting and Taxation Requirements in Honduras?

Understanding Company Accounting and Taxation Requirements in Honduras?

Embarking on a business venture in Honduras offers promising opportunities in a climate marked by favorable conditions, coupled with strategic initiatives for economic development. 

However, it remains crucial for investors and international companies to thoroughly understand and navigate Honduras’ accounting and tax regulations before proceeding with incorporation. A comprehensive grasp of the local fiscal landscape is essential for successful business endeavors in Honduras.

Accounting and taxation Honduras: What is the corporate tax in Honduras?

In Honduras, companies are subject to specific tax rates crucial for compliance and financial planning. Here’s a breakdown of the key taxation elements:

  1. Corporate Income Tax: Businesses operating in Honduras must pay a corporate tax of 25% on their annual taxable income.
  2. Additional Surtax for Higher Earnings: For business entities with an annual taxable income exceeding 1.13 million HNL (approximately USD 46,000), there is an additional surtax of 5%.
  3. Alternative Minimum Tax: Companies with an annual gross income of 11.3 million HNL (USD 460,000) or more are subject to an alternative tax rate of 1.5%. This underscores the importance of having a proficient accounting and taxation team in Honduras to ensure adherence to these regulations.
  4. Tax on Investment Income and Capital Gains: Income from investments and capital gains in Honduras are taxed at a rate of 10%.
  5. Dividends and Interest Tax: A 10% tax is applied to dividends and interest payments to foreign companies when the income is from Honduras.

SEE ALSO: Company Formation in Honduras: a 6-Step Guide

Free Trade Zones: Do accounting and taxation regimes in Honduras still apply?

a biz latin hub infographic on accounting and taxation in honduras
Accounting and Taxation in Honduras, some key points

The standard accounting and taxation regimes differ significantly in Honduras, Free Trade Zones (FTZs)y. Honduras offers 39 FTZs, including 24 privately operated ones, primarily to encourage growth in commercial, manufacturing, and tourism. 

Companies operating in these zones, which commonly include textile manufacturers, sporting goods producers, electronics assemblers, auto parts manufacturers, agribusinesses, and tourism companies, benefit from substantial tax exemptions. However, to operate in an FTZ, businesses must obtain approval from the Honduran Ministry of Economy.

Here are the primary tax exemptions available to businesses in Honduran FTZs:

  • Import Tax Exemption: Normally as high as 20%, this tax is waived for companies in FTZs.
  • Profit Tax Exemption: Businesses enjoy a 10-year exemption from taxes on profits earned from the sale of goods outside of Honduras.
  • Income Tax Exemption: Both national and municipal income taxes are waived for 10 years for companies in FTZs.
  • Sales Tax (VAT) Exemption: Companies are exempt from VAT, which typically ranges between 15-18%.
  • Tourism Sector Benefits: Businesses in the tourism sector operating within a Honduran Tourism Zone are exempt from import taxes, VATs, and income taxes.
  • Tax-Free Currency Exchange: Companies in FTZs benefit from tax-free currency exchange.

These incentives make FTZs attractive for foreign and local businesses looking to reduce their tax burden and simplify their accounting processes in Honduras.

Accounting and taxation in Honduras: 5 key corporate tax regulations 

Accounting and Taxation in Honduras. The tax treatment varies for resident and non-resident companies.
  • Territorial Income Principle
  • Resident vs. Non-Resident Taxation
  • Municipal Taxes
  • Withholding Tax on Non-Residents
  • Taxation of Companies with Shareholders

Thinking of starting a business in Honduras? Here are some essential points about the Honduran corporate tax regime to keep in mind:

  1. Territorial Income Principle: In Honduras, tax liability is based on the Principle of Territorial Income. This means that individuals and entities are taxed only on income generated from Honduran sources.
  2. Resident vs. Non-Resident Taxation: The tax treatment varies for resident and non-resident companies. Resident companies are subject to a progressive income tax rate of up to 25%. Non-resident businesses are taxed on their Honduran-sourced gross income at rates ranging from 10 to 25%, depending on their business activities.
  3. Municipal Taxes: Businesses operating within a municipality in Honduras are subject to municipal taxes. Each municipality has its formula for calculating these taxes, and some may offer tax incentives.
  4. Withholding Tax on Non-Residents: The Revenue Administration Service (SAR) enforces a withholding tax on non-resident entities receiving dividends, interest, rents, royalties, or management fees from a Honduran company or a foreign business based in Honduras.
  5. Taxation of Companies with Shareholders: Companies in Honduras, including branches of foreign businesses, can have both resident and non-resident shareholders, quota holders, or directors. The company’s location in Honduras does not affect its income tax obligations.

When forming a company in Honduras, navigating the laws, rules, and requirements of a new jurisdiction can be daunting. That’s why when it comes to accounting and taxation in Honduras, it is best to seek local accountancy and legal professionals to help make the incorporation process as painless as possible.

Accounting and Taxation in Honduras: 5 key corporate tax regulations

Common Questions when understanding accounting and taxation in Honduras

Based on our extensive experience these are the common questions and doubts from our clients when looking to understand accounting and taxation in Honduras.

1. What is the corporate tax rate in Honduras?

The Corporate Tax rate in Honduras is 25%.

2. How are businesses taxed in Honduras?

The IRS in Honduras is called the Secretaría de Finanzas (SEFIN) and it is responsible for implementing the fiscal and customs legislation in Honduras.

3. What is the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Called in Honduras?

The IRS in Honduras is called the Secretaría de Finanzas (SEFIN) and it is responsible for implementing the fiscal and customs legislation in Honduras.

4. What is the accounting standard in Honduras?

Honduran accounting standards require companies to prepare their financial statements in Spanish and according to International Financial Reporting Standards. Accounting registries and books of account must be recorded in Spanish.

 5. What is the CPA equivalent in Honduras?

The equivalent of a CPA in Honduras is a certified public accountant (Contador Publico Autorizado—CPA). 

6. Does Honduras report in IFRS?

All listed companies must follow IFRS Standards.

Biz Latin Hub can help you with accounting and taxation in Honduras

At Biz Latin Hub, we provide integrated market entry and back-office services throughout Latin America and the Caribbean, with offices in Bogota and Cartagena, as well as over a dozen other major cities in the region. We also have trusted partners in many other markets.

Our unrivalled reach means we are ideally placed to support multi-jurisdiction market entries and cross border operations.

As well as knowledge about accounting and taxation in Honduras, our portfolio of services includes hiring & PEO, accounting & taxation, company formation, bank account opening, and corporate legal services.

Contact us today to find out more about how we can assist you in finding top talent or otherwise doing business in Latin America and the Caribbean.

If this article on accounting and taxation in Honduras was of interest to you, check out the rest of our coverage of the region. Or read about our team and expert authors.

Accounting and Taxation in Honduras is one of the services that Biz Latin Hub can help you with

The information provided here within should not be construed as formal guidance or advice. Please consult a professional for your specific situation. Information provided is for informative purposes only and may not capture all pertinent laws, standards, and best practices. The regulatory landscape is continually evolving; information mentioned may be outdated and/or could undergo changes. The interpretations presented are not official. Some sections are based on the interpretations or views of relevant authorities, but we cannot ensure that these perspectives will be supported in all professional settings.
Craig Dempsey

Craig Dempsey

Craig is a seasoned business professional in Latin America. He is the Managing Director and Co-Founder of the Biz Latin Hub Group that specializes in the provision market entry and back office services. Craig holds a degree in Mechanical Engineering, with honors and a Master's Degree in Project Management from the University of New South Wales. Craig is also an active board member on the Australian Colombian Business Council, and likewise also active with the Australian Latin American Business Council.

Craig is also a military veteran, having served in the Australian military on numerous overseas missions and also a former mining executive with experience in various overseas jurisdictions, including, Canada, Australia, Peru and Colombia.

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