The Peruvian import/export sector has reported some highly encouraging signs in recent days, with the value of Peru imports hitting a 20-year record and employment related to the export sector leaping 24%.
The figures point to a strong year for the sector in 2022, as well as for Peru in general, which is expected to see gross domestic product (GDP) growth of 4% in 2022, having registered double-digit growth in 2021.
According to the Global Business and Economy Research Center, between January and November 2021, Peru imports hit more than $46 billion (all figures in USD) – their highest level in two decades.
That included an average growth in Peru imports of 10.6% between 2002 and 2021 and a 43% increase on imports seen during the same period in 2020.
With the COVID-19 pandemic hitting hardest in 2020, a significant year-over-year increase was to be expected. However, it is notable that imports during the first 11 months of 2021 were also 18.4% higher than those seen in the same period of 2019.
The Global Business and Economy Research Center is run by Peru’s CIEN-ADEX Exporters Association and regularly reports on Peru imports, which it noted saw records for the likes of metals, chemicals, agricultural goods, timber, and mining products.
Meanwhile, in another positive sign for the country’s trade sector, employment related to the export industry increased 24% compared to 2020, according to figures from Peru’s Association of Exporters (ADEX) reported by El Peruano.
That saw combined monthly employment figures for the sector between January and October hit almost 2.95 million – compared to almost 2.38 million during the same period in 2020.
According to The Global Business and Economy Research Center, that represents an historic record for employment in the sector during the first ten months of any year.
That same report highlighted how the 364,600 people employed by the export sector in October represented a 0.8% increase on the same month in 2020 – thanks in part to an 8.1% leap in employment associated with non-traditional exports mitigating a drop in employment related to mining sector exports.
That chimes in with recent reports that Peru saw the highest increase in non-traditional exports in the region in 2021, which grew 25% compared to the previous year, according to figures from Peru’s Central Bank. In combination with record Peru imports, the signs for the country’s trade sector are highly encouraging.
Strong Peru imports & exports point to bright future
The impressive figures related to Peru imports and exports point to a bright future for the country’s trade sector, and demonstrate that the South American country’s economy is continuing to recover from the deep shock caused by the global pandemic.
That will be welcomed by foreign investors interested in Latin America, with Peru being one of the most popular destinations in the region for foreign direct investment (FDI), which rose from 1.57% of GDP in 2000 to 3.89% in 2019.
The country is famed for its large deposits of metals and minerals, including gold and copper, as well as for its agricultural output. However, as the latest figures highlight, manufactured goods and other non-traditional exports are increasingly important to the economy.
Peru is also known as a hub for trade, with Lima’s neighboring port city of Callao witnessing the sixth-highest container throughput in Latin America in 2019, while it also has two other major ports in Paita and Matarani.
The country’s trade credentials are boosted by Peru’s status as a founding member of the Pacific Alliance — a decade-old economic association that also includes Chile, Colombia, and Mexico, and which recently inaugurated Singapore as an associate member.
It is also a founding member of the Andean Community of Nations (CAN) — a regional association focused on lowering trade barriers that also includes Bolivia, Colombia, and Ecuador, and which has recently been implementing a series of measures to deepen integration.
In the context of the investment and trade profile of the country, Peru imports hitting a 20-year high points to a bright future for doing business in the country.
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