Politics and Business: What Does It Mean For New Zealand?

When incorporating a business internationally, it’s good to know that you’re entering into a strong and stable market, where the local government can support your international venture and not impose barriers to growth or investment. New Zealand is known to be not only one of the world’s freest economies but also with a stable democracy. Setting up shop in New Zealand gives investors a number of wide-ranging benefits.

As we have seen in nations like the United Kingdom and the United States, new governments or policies can have a significant impact on local and international business. Below, we take a closer look at politics and business opportunities in New Zealand as the National Party takes over from Labour after three years in government.

Ease of doing business in New Zealand. Politics and Business: What Does It Mean For New Zealand?

Strong appetite for foreign business

New Zealand follows a parliamentary democracy similar to that of the United Kingdom, with a House of Representatives who debate important issues and make laws. King Charles III is the country’s head of state, although his day-to-day involvement in the country’s decisions is minimal. Unlike in some countries, New Zealand has a government based on proportional representation, and the majority of cabinets have been coalitions, with more than one party forming together to achieve a majority vote. Whilst this gives voters more power, it means that governments are generally center-right and opposing parties and ideas balance out.

The country has a healthy attitude towards foreign direct investment and values investors and entrepreneurs who want to expand into New Zealand. The New Zealand Government actively encourages businesses to invest, running marketing campaigns to increase FDI and generate jobs in the process. The country has a strong infrastructure, good transport links, and logistics services, and is self-sufficient in energy, great for manufacturing businesses.

The country is generally seen to be a low-risk business environment, empowering investors to spend money and achieve a return in record speed. The political and business landscape is pro-investment and pro-foreign ownership, and several policies and laws offer investors control, confidence, and reassurance when entering the market. Between 2021 and 2022, the country enjoyed a record-breaking increase in foreign direct investment of more than $3.29 billion, which demonstrates the general attitude towards the country’s government and stability.

Foreign investment policy

Because of its size and location, New Zealand is heavily dependent on foreign investment to fuel growth and create jobs, so has an attractive foreign direct investment policy. The vast majority of foreign investment inflow comes from countries such as Canada, neighbouring Australia, as well as Asian territories like Hong Kong and Japan, although there has been an increase in foreign direct investment from countries such as Latin America and the UK.

Because the country is open, has a range of free trade agreements, double taxation deals, high standards of living, low corruption levels and a strong tax policy, New Zealand was named first out of 190 countries in the World Bank’s 2020 Doing Business Report. With few regulations and easy distribution of assets, New Zealand is a sound business investment for most foreign entrepreneurs, although there are restrictions in sensitive industries and land (for example, purchasing more than five hectares of coastal or rural land requires approval).

Some foreign businesses may even be eligible for government support when expanding and incorporating in the market, particularly in the export sector or research and development. In addition, the country has a strong financial and banking sector, allowing for foreign nationals to apply for business loans and funding, whilst startup accelerators, venture capitalists, and local business investors are prevalent, useful if your expansion requires additional capital.

Some of the most profitable business in New Zealand. Politics and Business: What Does It Mean For New Zealand?

2019 local elections will set the path for 2020

Whilst New Zealand is not expected to call an election until 2020, the 2019 triennial elections will offer businesses insight into local attitudes towards the current government, and could have an impact on the cabinet.

The Electoral Commission enrolment campaign starts on 1 July, and by 23 October the official results for each local government will be declared. If there were to be a major shift in voting across the current seventy-eight local authorities, it may signal a change at the 2020 general election, so businesses should be vigilant and get to grips with the local political landscape in order to best prepare for future policy changes.

Challenges for businesses

Wrestling a three-party coalition government has created some challenges for Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern, the main one being finding a consensus on controversial issues.

Ardern has made several comments during her tenure that suggest she is against immigration and foreign investment, which has discouraged some foreign nationals from expanding into the country. These positions have been flanked by Deputy Prime Minister Winston Peters from NZ First, whose party displays somewhat inconsistent attitudes towards foreign investment and immigration.

New Zealand’s parliament passed a new law in 2018 to prevent non-resident foreigners from purchasing property in the country, a Labour election pledge that some considered controversial. This pledge also threatened some trade negotiations at the time, namely, New Zealand’s Closer Economic Partnership negotiations with Singapore. However, the primary purpose for this bill was to clamp down on house price growth and reduce high rates of homelessness in the country, rather than to dissuade foreign investors from doing business in New Zealand. To put the decision into context, the average house price in Auckland is now NZ$1 million plus.

Despite her expansionist attitude towards business, Ardern has since said that her country still welcomes overseas investment and that there was “much greater benefit from investing in our productive economy than just our housing market.” In an interview with Bloomberg, she said she welcomed foreign investment in infrastructure such as rail and that there was a “need to give commuters alternatives and hasten the transition from fossil-fueled cars.”

In short, whilst Ardern does favor New Zealand businesses and wants to see more inward investment in the country, she recognizes the importance of foreign investment and its ability to create jobs and growth, so firms should not be put off if looking to expand in New Zealand.

Biz Latin Hub can help you to expand your business in New Zealand

Although New Zealand is one of the world’s freest economies, going it alone without prior market experience is tough. Whilst we can’t influence New Zealand’s political environment, we can help you navigate the country’s political landscape and expand your business into a new market.

With customized business solutions in recruitment, due diligence, and commercial representation, our New Zealand-based team is on hand to offer support and ensure a smooth transition into one of the world’s most stable political economies. 

To find out more, get in touch with us today and we’ll get back to you with a personalized strategy designed to capitalize on New Zealand’s investor-friendly landscape.

Key services offered by Biz Latin Hub. Politics and Business: What Does It Mean For New Zealand?

The information provided here within should not be construed as formal guidance or advice. Please consult a professional for your specific situation. Information provided is for informative purposes only and may not capture all pertinent laws, standards, and best practices. The regulatory landscape is continually evolving; information mentioned may be outdated and/or could undergo changes. The interpretations presented are not official. Some sections are based on the interpretations or views of relevant authorities, but we cannot ensure that these perspectives will be supported in all professional settings.
Legal Team New Zealand

Legal Team New Zealand

Legal Team New Zealand is the Biz Latin Hub leading experts on doing business in Zealand The Team writes on the news, doing business, law, and changing regulations. The team are experts in corporate law, Administrative law, Employment law, Immigration law and legal advisory services. Read more about them here. You can contact Legal Team New Zealand via our "contact us page".

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