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Types of Companies in the Dominican Republic

is essential to determine the most suitable option for your business before you incorporate a company in the Dominican Republic. By drawing on our deep experience in company formation in the region, we are prepared to provide essential information on the different types of companies in the Dominican Republic.

Whether you are contemplating a Sociedad Anonima (SA), a Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada (SRL), or other entity structures, our comprehensive guidance ensures informed decision-making aligned with your business objectives. Explore the complexities of each of the types of companies in the Dominican Republic to effectively navigate the regulatory landscape and establish a robust corporate presence tailored to your aspirations.

The island nation has a great deal to offer for business owners looking to enter the region. According to the World Bank, the country has the second-highest GDP figures in the Caribbean. This means that all of the types of companies in the Dominican Republic are catering to a strong internal market.

a map of the dominican republic for an article about Types of Companies in the Dominican Republic
Learn about the types of companies in the Dominican Republic (Types of legal structures in the Dominican Republic)

In recent years, we have seen an important increase in foreign direct investment into the Dominican Republic.This takes place specifically in the manufacturing, real estate, export, and tourism sectors. This region has also made a name for itself as an appealing hub for foreign businesses through its tax and migration offerings.

4 Types of companies in the Dominican Republic

When looking to enter the Dominican Republic, foreign investors are confronted with a choice in terms of what sort of commercial presence they want to have. Expanding multinationals must incorporate a company in the Dominican Republic as a formal corporate vessel for business.

Branches and representative offices are viable options for multinational companies. However, choosing the best type of company must be done on a case-by-case basis.

  1. Limited Liability Company.
  2. Simplified Limited Company.
  3. Limited Company.

Next review the different types of companies in the Dominican Republic for incorporation.

1. Limited Liability Company

The Limited Liability Company (Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada, or SRL in Spanish) is historically the popular choice for typically small businesses. It is quite appealing in the sense that the social capital required to incorporate the company in the Dominican Republic is quite reasonable and low.

This type of company requires a minimum of 2 shareholders which can be either individual persons or other legal entities. The shareholders can have a local or a foreign domicile. In terms of administration, at least 1 director is required to manage the SRL legal entity.

Regarding tax compliance, it is necessary for this type of company to file annual financial statements to tax authorities. Furthermore, the company’s account needs to undergo an annual audit.

2. Simplified Limited Company

The Simplified Limited Company is also known as Sociedad Anónima Simplificada or SAS in Spanish. It is the preferred legal entity for company incorporation in the Dominican Republic when one is looking to raise capital. It is easier to do so than for example in the previously explained SRL. In other words, this type of company in the Dominican Republic is quite appealing as well for entrepreneurs looking to be that next unicorn.

This type of company requires a minimum of 2 shareholders which can be both individuals or legal entities. The shareholders can have a local or a foreign domicile.

In terms of administration, at least 1 director is needed to manage the SAS legal entity.

All SAS companies require a higher initial company capital – approximately 3 times the amount – than that needed to incorporate an SRL.

3. Limited Company 

The Limited Company is also known as the Sociedad Anónima or SA in Spanish. Typically, this corporate structure is best suited for larger-sized companies that will likely participate in the stock market, publicly offering their shares to investors.

This legal entity requires a minimum of two shareholders which can be both individuals and legal entities. The shareholders may have a local or a foreign domicile.

The Limited Company legal entity requires a minimum of three directors to take care of the administration and governance of the company.

Our recommendation: The Limited Liability Company. It is well-suited for small to medium-sized enterprises and foreign businesses seeking to establish a presence in the country. It is a commonly chosen legal entity type for businesses operating in the Dominican Republic due to its simplicity and effectiveness.

Another option: opening a branch

As is the case with Limited Companies in the Dominican Republic, Branches are an excellent option for larger foreign multinational companies. This option has benefits in terms of reputation, banking, and engaging with third parties. It is also a preferable choice if the intent is to engage with local public entities directly or via tenders.

A branch office in the Dominican Republic needs to have in place at least one individual (national or foreign) to act as its representative in the country.

FAQs on types of companies in the Dominican Republic

1. Can a foreigner register a company in the Dominican Republic?

Foreigners can register all types of companies in the Dominican Republic. The process involves fulfilling certain requirements and complying with local regulations. Legal assistance and consultation with experts can streamline the registration process for foreign entrepreneurs.

2. What type of legal entity is recommended in the Dominican Republic?

The recommended legal entity in the Dominican Republic depends on various factors such as liability protection, taxation, and operational flexibility. One commonly recommended type is the Limited Liability Company (LLC), which offers a balance of liability protection and tax advantages.

3. How do I create a legal entity in the Dominican Republic?

To create a legal entity in the Dominican Republic, businesses need to follow a series of steps, including choosing a business name, preparing incorporation documents, and obtaining necessary permits and licenses.

4. What is an LLC in the Dominican Republic?

In the Dominican Republic, an LLC, or Limited Liability Company, is a business structure that combines the benefits of both partnerships and corporations. It provides limited liability protection to its members while allowing for pass-through taxation and flexibility in management.

5. What is the business structure of a Simplified Shares Company (S.A.S) in the Dominican Republic?

The Simplified Shares Company (S.A.S) offers a combination of speed, flexibility, and investor-friendly features that make it a suitable choice for businesses looking to establish a presence in the Dominican Republic.

Find the right types of companies in the Dominican Republic for your business

Understanding the differences between the types of businesses in the Dominican Republic can provide many advantages. However, finding the right legal entity in another country can be very challenging.

Our multilingual team from Biz Latin Hub has vast experience in Latin America and the Caribbean. Our local lawyers and professional accountants provide you with tailor-made business solutions. We offer a wide range of market entry and back-office services, such as company incorporation and other legal services, due diligence, visa procedures, PEO and hiring support, payroll management, accounting and taxation, and more.

Get in touch with our specialists to start your business in the Dominican Republic soon!

Learn more about our team and expert authors.

Infographic: Biz Latin Hub legal and accounting services for foreign investors in New Zealand
Biz Latin Hub has an expert team that can help you to understand the types of companies in the Dominican Republic

The information provided here within should not be construed as formal guidance or advice. Please consult a professional for your specific situation. Information provided is for informative purposes only and may not capture all pertinent laws, standards, and best practices. The regulatory landscape is continually evolving; information mentioned may be outdated and/or could undergo changes. The interpretations presented are not official. Some sections are based on the interpretations or views of relevant authorities, but we cannot ensure that these perspectives will be supported in all professional settings.
Legal Team Dominican Republic

Legal Team Dominican Republic

Legal Team Dominican Republic is the Biz Latin Hub leading experts on doing business in Republic The Team writes on the news, doing business, law, and changing regulations. The team are experts in corporate law, Administrative law, Employment law, Immigration law and legal advisory services. Read more about them here. You can contact Legal Team Dominican Republic via our "contact us page".

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